tdeinit is a process launcher somewhat similar to the
famous init used for booting UNIX.
It launches processes by forking and then loading a
dynamic library which should contain a 'main(...)'
Using tdeinit to launch KDE applications makes starting
a typical KDE applications 2.5 times faster (100ms
instead of 250ms on a P-III 500) It reduces memory
consumption by approx. 350Kb per application.
How it works
tdeinit is linked against all libraries a standard KDE
application needs. With this technique starting an
application becomes much faster because now only
the application itself needs to be linked whereas
otherwise both the application as well as all the libaries
it uses need to be linked.
Starting an application linked against libqt, libtdecore and libtdeui
in the conventional way takes approx. 150ms on a Pentium III - 500Mhz.
Starting the same application via tdeinit takes less than 10ms.
(application without TDEApplication constructor, the TDEApplication
constructor requires an extra 100ms in both cases)
An application linked against libqt, libtdecore and libtdeui started
in the conventional way requires about 498Kb memory.
(average of 10 instances) If the same application is started via
tdeinit it requires about 142Kb. A difference of 356Kb (application
without TDEApplication constructor)
If we take the TDEApplication constructor into account, an application
started in the conventional way takes about 679Kb memory while the same
application started via tdeinit requires about 380Kb. Here the difference
is somewhat less, 299Kb. This seems to be caused by the fact that the
dynamic linker does "lazy linking". We can force the linker to link
everything at startup by specifying "LD_BIND_NOW=true". When tdeinit is
started with this option on, tdeinit is back to its full efficiency, an
application with a TDEApplication constructor now uses 338Kb of memory.
A difference of 341Kb with the normal case.
Adapting programs to use tdeinit.
The sourcecode of a program does not require any change to take advantage
of tdeinit. Only the makefile requires an adaption, if the Makefile.am of
a normal program looks like this:
bin_PROGRAMS = kicker
kicker_LDADD = $(top_builddir)/libkonq/libkonq.la
kicker_LDFLAGS = $(all_libraries) $(KDE_RPATH)
The following lines need to be added to make a library version useable
lib_LTLIBRARIES = kicker.la
libkicker_la_LIBADD = $(top_builddir)/libkonq/libkonq.la
libkicker_la_LDFLAGS = $(all_libraries) $(KDE_RPATH) -module
The process name of applications started via tdeinit is "tdeinit". This problem
can be corrected to a degree by changing the application name as shown
by 'ps'. However, applications like "killall" will only see "tdeinit" as
process name. To workaround this, use "kdekillall", from tdesdk/scripts,
for applications started via tdeinit.